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Pope: The Significance of the Christmas Crèche

Posted by Vatican News on 6 December 2019
Pope: The Significance of the Christmas Crèche

Greccio is the mountain village where Saint Francis of Assisi created the first crib scene in 1223 to commemorate the birth of Jesus. Pope Francis returned to the town on Sunday to deliver his Apostolic Letter entitled, "Admirabile signum".

An enchanting image

The Latin title of the Letter refers to the "enchanting image" of the Christmas crèche, one that "never ceases to arouse amazement and wonder", writes the Pope. "The depiction of Jesus' birth is itself a simple and joyful proclamation of the mystery of the Incarnation of the Son of God", he says.

A living Gospel

"The nativity scene is like a living Gospel rising up from the pages of sacred Scripture", continues Pope Francis. Contemplating the Christmas story is like setting out on a spiritual journey, "drawn by the humility of the God who became man in order to encounter every man and woman." So great is His love for us, writes the Pope, "that He became one of us, so that we in turn might become one with Him."
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A family tradition

The Pope hopes this Letter will encourage the family tradition of preparing the nativity scene, "but also the custom of setting it up in the workplace, in schools, hospitals, prisons and town squares." Praising the imagination and creativity that goes into these small masterpieces, Pope Francis says he hopes this custom will never be lost "and that, wherever it has fallen into disuse, it can be rediscovered and revived."

The Gospel origin of the crèche

Pope Francis recalls the origin of the Christmas crèche as related in the Gospels. "Coming into this world, the Son of God was laid in the place where animals feed. Hay became the first bed of the One who would reveal Himself as 'the bread come down from heaven'." The nativity scene "evokes a number of the mysteries of Jesus' life and brings them close to our own daily lives", writes the Pope.

The meaning of the crèche elements 

Pope Francis reflects on the meaning behind the elements that make up the nativity scene. He begins with the background of "a starry sky wrapped in the darkness and silence of night." We think of when we have experienced the darkness of night, he says, yet even then, God does not abandon us. "His closeness brings light where there is darkness and shows the way to those dwelling in the shadow of suffering."

The landscape

The Pope then writes about the landscapes that often include ancient ruins or buildings. He explains how these ruins are "the visible sign of fallen humanity, of everything that inevitably falls into ruin, decays and disappoints." This scenic setting tells us that Jesus has come "to heal and rebuild, to restore the world and our lives to their original splendour."

The shepherds

Turning to the shepherds, Pope Francis writes that, "unlike so many other people, busy about many things, the shepherds become the first to see the most essential thing of all: the gift of salvation. It is the humble and the poor who greet the event of the Incarnation." The shepherds respond to God "who comes to meet us in the Infant Jesus by setting out to meet Him with love, gratitude and awe", he adds. 

The poor and the lowly

The presence of the poor and the lowly, continues the Pope, is a reminder that "God became man for the sake of those who feel most in need of His love and who ask Him to draw near to them." From the manger, "Jesus proclaims, in a meek yet powerful way, the need for sharing with the poor as the path to a more human and fraternal world in which no one is excluded or marginalized."

Mary and Joseph

The Pope then focuses on the figures of Mary and Joseph.

"Mary is a mother who contemplates her child and shows Him to every visitor", he writes. "In her, we see the Mother of God who does not keep her Son only to herself, but invites everyone to obey His word and to put it into practice. Saint Joseph stands by her side, "protecting the Child and His Mother." Joseph is the guardian, the just man, who "entrusted himself always to God's will."

The Infant Jesus

But it is when we place the statue of the Infant Jesus in the manger, that the nativity scene comes alive, says Pope Francis. "It seems impossible, yet it is true: in Jesus, God was a child, and in this way He wished to reveal the greatness of His love: by smiling and opening His arms to all." The crèche allows us to see and touch this unique and unparalleled event that changed the course of history, "but it also makes us reflect on how our life is part of God's own life."

The Three Kings

As the Feast of Epiphany approaches, we add the Three Kings to the Christmas crèche. Their presence reminds us of every Christian's responsibility to spread the Gospel, writes Pope Francis. "The Magi teach us that people can come to Christ by a very long route", but returning home, they tell others of this amazing encounter with the Messiah, "thus initiating the spread of the Gospel among the nations."

The Christmas crèche is part of the precious yet demanding process of passing on the faith, concludes Pope Francis. "Beginning in childhood, and at every stage of our lives, it teaches us to contemplate Jesus, to experience God's love for us, to feel and believe that God is with us and that we are with Him."

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Author: Vatican News
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